Last night, Tina and I enjoyed the new NOVA detailing the history of the Sphinx. What better way to spend one’s sick days than watching documentaries about history.
As an icon of the ancient world, I’ve long wondered about its origins and history. There were a few things that stood out that I don’t think I have heard before.
One, it was carved down into the limestone. If you’ve studied Africa, there are these brilliant buildings in Ethiopia that are built down into the dirt. Their rooves are parallel with the dirt that is level around it. This was done for protection. See this link for picture. This is how the Sphinx was sculpted. Little magic Egyptians dug around the base of the structure and then carved into it.
The little Egyptians didn’t bring stone in like the pyramids, place it down and carve it out.
There are some bricks at the Sphinx’s base that confuse how it was made. It’s as if the bricks once covered the entire animal, but fell away from the top. That’s not what happened.
Studying the beast, archeologists noticed that the same layers of limestone that are eroding away at different rates are running parallel to the walls that surround the base of the Sphinx. Notice the ripples in the image to the left and then notice ripples that appear in the walls of dirt surrounding the torso.
Some 50 million years ago, the land was covered by an ocean. Limestone comes from layers of dead marine organisms building up as sediment over time and compacting. Over the course of 150 Million years, these layers of limestone were created. How do the archeologists get these monster figures? Go read the article above. If there was any question that the earth is young, the very Sphinx itself should put your questions to bed to coffin. Determining layers of rock created from limestone sediment is simple geology. Thinking that the earth is only 6,000 to 10,000 years young is disrespect for history, science and plain-as-day observation.
The different ripples are created by the different layers and its hardness factors. The less hard the layer, the more eroded it is from the Sphinx’s torso. The bricks around the base are attempts by Egyptians, later the Romans and finally the Greeks to repair damage caused by salt water under the earth that seeps up and damages the Sphinx from inside of itself. Watch the documentary for a better explanation.
Two, some archeologists attempted to carve out just a nose from the same hardness of limestone that the head is carved from, with tools that would have been used at that time. The result, Egyptian slaves might have needed one million total man hours to carve the entire sculpture.
Point three is the language of Egyptian god worship was adopted by Christians. Okay, point three isn’t exactly new, but it reminded me of past research.
There are correlations between Jesus and and the Egyptian deity Horus who predated Jesus by 1,000 years. But there are more correlations to be discovered.
Egyptians believed deeply in the afterlife. To get to the afterlife, one needed heavenly help. The Pyramids were built to help the Pharaohs succeed in the unknowns of the afterlife. The Sphinx was constructed facing the east (sunrise) and its tail faces west toward the second pyramid so that during the spring and fall equinoxes (the two most equal days on calendars), the sun’s path runs over the Sphinx’s right shoulder and sets over the “right-hand” of the pyramid behind it. Sitting on the right hand of god brings not only death (dusk) but also salvation (dawn).
The following idea works in Greek as well. The sun, or son, promises to be born again, every day. When you have an Egyptian mentality, being born again after death is a huge concept. When you sleep, you wake up the next day. When you die, you wake up mysteriously in the afterlife. When the sun goes down, the sun comes up. Neurology shows that humans search for patterns.
While the Egyptians were no idiots, they had no clue where the sun went at night. All they knew was the life giving power of the sun, and its metaphorical disappearance and reappearance offered some “bright” ideas in the darkness of their literal astronomical ignorance.
If you haven’t figured out already, the Greeks and middle eastern Jews screwed up this interpretation of ideas : “Heaven’s Sun (greek: helios or ήλιος ) brings rebirth” became “Heaven’s Son (greek: hyios or γιος) brings rebirth (being born again).”
Hyios (son) and helios (sun) are really close in spelling and pronunciation. Remember, Jesus spoke aramaic, as did his followers who were just as illiterate than any illiterates you’ve ever met today. The gospel writers wrote in Greek, as many agree. Greek would have been a second language to the disciples if they really were the “eye witnesses” writing the New Testament.
As a test, take the first chapter of any book, translate it into the language that you studied in high school and bring it to a native speaker. Have them decipher its meaning back to you. Better yet, listen to a story told by the next person who walks by you. Translate that story into that language you studied without writing it first in your native tongue. Bring that to a native speaker of your chosen language.
Even better yet, turn on Turner Classic Movies. Get a stop watch. Press begin. Listen to a character talk for one minute. Stop the watch. Wait one day. Just one. Now write down, as clearly as you can exactly what that speaker said in the language you studied in high school. Bring that to a native speaker and let him or her read it.